Q481. Signed & Dated Special Order Tachi by Hayama Enshin
Q481. Special order tachi signed Jounsai Hayama Enshin and dated Taisho San Nen Hachi Gatsu Hi (a day in August of 1914).
Nagasa: 25 7/8" 65.7 cm.
Sori: 2.1 cm.
Moto haba: 3 cm.
Moto kasane: .8 cm.
Saki haba: 1.85 cm.
Saki kasane: .4 cm.
Nakago nagasa: 6 1/4" 15.8 cm.
Overall in shirasaya: 37" 93.7 cm.
Ubu kijimono nakago, one hole. Koshi zori, maru mune (round), small chu kissaki. The hada is ko-itame in very fine ji-nie. The hamon is suguba in ko gunome: nioi deki covered in fine ko-nie with instances of sunagashi and kinsuji worked small, ending in an o-maru boshi with a short kaeri. The blade is flawless: mounted with a gold wash double habaki and in well made shirasaya in great condition with horn at the koi guchi and mekugi ana.
Next to the date is the special order inscription: Hyaku-ren dai kyūgō tame Kumada Gentarō shi
Made for Gentarō Kumada, hyaku-ren ("Hyaku-ren" = hundred trials/temperings, euphemism for "strength through repetition").
Gentarō Kumada was a local politician, businessman, and philanthropist. He served twice as the village chief of Minatomura and had progressive ideas for his time: harmony between landlords and tennant farmers, improving rice cultivation, and financial support for education.
This sword's smith, Chounsai Enshin, was born in 1846. He studied with Suzuki Masaaki, a student of Kiyomaro, and worked 1st with the name Suzuki Masahiro. Later he took the name Enshin and was known for using imported Swedish steel to produce exceptionally sharp swords in an early Yamashiro style, of which this is a prime example.
A flawless blade is polish: very fine. 2 pounds, 5 ounces. $3,500.
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